Supporting families at inquest

Murdered Abroad is delighted to have partnered with 5 Essex Court who can provide advice and assistance on inquests and coronial law to families bereaved by murder or manslaughter abroad.

A coroner in England or Wales will normally hold an inquest if the person died a violent or unnatural death overseas and their body is returned to their district. For many families, the inquest will be their only route to answers and information in this country and as such is a vital process that they need to understand. Families should participate in the inquest proceedings and have proper representation. 

5 Essex Court has particular expertise in inquests and members of chambers have appeared in many of the most high profile cases in recent years including The Tunisia Shootings

Murdered Abroad is extremely grateful to Senior Clerk Mark Waller who has arranged for his colleagues to volunteer their time and expertise to assist our families.

The Death Penalty

If a murder occurs in a country which still has the death penalty, families face added barriers in their fight for justice.

The Foreign & Commonwealth Office's ability to assist a British family is severely restricted if the crime occurred in one of these countries:

The 58 countries that have the death penalty

  1. Botswana
  2. Chad
  3. Comoros
  4. Democratic Republic of the Congo
  5. Egypt
  6. Equatorial Guinea
  7. Ethiopia
  8. Gambia
  9. Lesotho
  10. Libya
  11. Nigeria
  12. Somalia
  13. Somaliland
  14. South Sudan
  15. Sudan
  16. Uganda
  17. Zimbabwe
  18. Antigua and Barbuda
  19. Bahamas
  20. Barbados
  21. Belize
  22. Cuba
  23. Dominica
  24. Guatemala
  25. Guyana
  26. Jamaica
  27. Saint Kitts and Nevis
  28. Saint Lucia
  29. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
  30. Trinidad and Tobago
  31. United States
  32. Afghanistan
  33. Bahrain
  34. Bangladesh
  35. China
  36. India
  37. Indonesia
  38. Iran
  39. Iraq
  40. Japan
  41. Jordan
  42. North Korea
  43. Kuwait
  44. Lebanon
  45. Malaysia
  46. Oman
  47. Pakistan
  48. Palestinian Territories
  49. Qatar
  50. Saudi Arabia
  51. Singapore
  52. Syria
  53. Taiwan
  54. Thailand
  55. UAE
  56. Vietnam
  57. Yemen
  58. Belarus

As reported in The Telegraph in September 2016, four countries considered to be industrialised still execute criminals: the US, Japan, Singapore and Taiwan. The most recent countries to abolish all capital punishment are Guinea (2016), Nauru (2016), Congo (2015), Suriname (2015), Fiji (2015), Madagascar (2012), Latvia (2012) and Gabon (2010).  

Are you bereaved through murder or manslaughter in one of the above countries? Do you need help? If so, please get in touch

Investigating deaths abroad: Justice For All

Murdered Abroad is pleased to be working with the University of Derby on a pioneering initiative called “Justice For All”.

Drawing together expertise from criminology, law and forensic science, students are examining deaths abroad, where there has been no inquest or the deaths were not adequately investigated.

Tony Blockley, Lecturer in the Psychology of Criminal Investigation from the University of Derby, explained: “If someone from outside of the UK dies here in the UK, the police provide a full investigation to find out what happened, but if someone from the UK dies overseas, UK police forces do not always get involved if it is not in their jurisdiction. The service families get from non-UK police forces can sometimes be poor, misleading and, unfortunately, does not constitute an investigation - a miscarriage of justice.

“Having worked with Murdered Abroad on a number of cases, I thought it would be great to develop the opportunity within the University to help the families and to give our students some real-life experience.”

Quote from Tony Blockley, University of Derby's Lecturer in the Psychology of Criminal Investigation

Quote from Tony Blockley, University of Derby's Lecturer in the Psychology of Criminal Investigation

As part of the Justice For All module, students have worked on a number of cases including Denyse Sweeney, who died in Goa in 2010. The Indian authorities said her death was drugs-related but a UK pathologist came to the conclusion it was due to a head injury. At an inquest (in 2012 in Derby), a toxicology report revealed there were no drugs in her system and the probable cause of death was a head wound. Following the work by students and the case featuring on BBC’s Inside Out, the Indian authorities re-opened Denyse’s case.

More recently, the students have been working on a case involving Claire Martin who died in Italy in 2014. Claire had multiple stab wounds to her neck and the Italian authorities closed the case as a suicide. Following the work by the students and other specialists, the evidence indicated it was murder. The investigation was also featured on BBC’s Inside Out (February 27, 2017).

Speaking about Claire’s case, Tony said: “Working closely with the Martin family, we were able to analyse the case and provided questions for the family to raise at a recent meeting at the Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO). Highlighting the inadequacies of the original investigation in the hope that the FCO will urge their Italian counterpart to re-open and investigate the case as murder. Failing that, we will seek legal remedies to ensure justice is sought for Claire.”

Murder of UK Nationals Abroad

The topic of UK police support for investigations of murder of UK nationals abroad was raised in Parliament on 17 January 2017.

Dominic Raab MP said: "I wish to raise a specific local case as an illustration of the wider plight of British families whose loved ones are murdered overseas. I want to understand what has gone wrong in my local case, which concerns Ollie Gobat, a young businessman murdered in St Lucia, whose parents are my constituents. On their behalf, my aim is to try to secure some sense of justice for a truly distraught family and, in the process, to glean a wider sense of what British policing support other families in this appalling situation can and should reasonably expect in pursuit of the perpetrators of these heinous crimes."

The full Hansard transcript can be read here.

 

 

3rd Annual Wellbeing Conference

This annual event, sponsored and co-organised by "Always a Chance" for the third time, commenced on Friday evening (6 May 2016) with 26 old and new Murdered Abroad members re-acquainting themselves or socialising for the first time in the hospitality areas of the Sunley Conference Centre, Northampton University.

The attendees were the families of 16 victims, bereaved by tragedies in 10 different countries.

Saturday started with a round-table introduction by each of the members present. Each victim’s family had a chance to summarise and update the group on the progress of each of their tragic cases. Members find that the opportunity to talk openly and honestly about their circumstances with other families who truly understand, is extremely therapeutic.

The first Guest Speaker of the weekend was Tony Blockley, a retired police Senior Investigating Officer who now heads the Criminology faculty at the University of Derby. Tony gave an expert’s opinion on "Supporting families following Murder Abroad".  His fascinating talk was based on his own experiences and illustrated using his more recent work in Northern Ireland supporting families bereaved during "the Troubles".

The second session of the morning was delivered by Georgie Vestey, a campaign strategist, based on her approach of: "Nobody is listening - what can I do next?".  Everyone found her determination and innovative approach to a variety of ways of  "getting the message across" to be really energising and motivating.

After an excellent lunch in the conservatory and gardens, everyone returned to a "question and answer" session with the guest speakers of the morning. This was followed by an update on Murdered Abroad's activities and the reasons for our name change from SAMM Abroad to Murdered Abroad. Eve Henderson (Co-Founder, Trustee & Director) led the way with a summary of meetings attended throughout the year with politicians, FCO and the UK police. Brian Chandler (Trustee & Director) gave a summary of the Charity's finances and funding and Bren McLaughlin (Trustee & Director) talked about the Helpline activities.

Afternoon tea was followed by reflections of the day and the evening was spent on site with everyone getting further acquainted.

Sunday morning commenced with an extremely moving session by Philip Painter, a secular celebrant from Kent. He read three poems and had prepared a very touching and thought-provoking non-denominational service.  He read out a roll call remembering each of the victims with an individual candle lighting ceremony around a Remembrance Tree provided by members Hazel and Pete Kouzaris.  It was a very moving, emotional, and therapeutic ceremony.

The second session was delivered by Tim Elliston from "The Happy Starfish" which concentrated on Mindfulness - the ability (which can be learned) to focus our own thoughts in more positive ways, once we understand our own thinking processes.  Mindfulness is essentially a tool to help individuals to replace negative thoughts with positive motivation.

Attendees then had the option to be involved in four separate wellbeing activities; Yoga for relaxation; Neck, shoulder and hand massage; Gongs for relaxation and meditation; or simply a walk around the open fields surrounding the campus in the pleasant summer sun.

At the conclusion of the weekend, all participants were asked to complete a questionnaire covering all aspects of the Conference, the venue, and their thoughts on what they had found helpful or not.  Murdered Abroad's Trustees analyse and use this feedback to help plan and improve future years’ events.

If you are bereaved through murder or manslaughter abroad and would like to join us at our 2017 Wellbeing Conference, please get in touch

2nd Annual Wellbeing Conference

Sunday was the culmination of our 2nd Annual Wellbeing Conference sponsored by Always A Chance and the University of Northampton.

Guest speaker, Georgie Vestey, gave her expert insight into effective communication with the media following events creating tragedy and grief. 

American author of "Grief Like No Other", Kathleen O’Hara, also spoke at the event and led a very moving ceremony at the tree of remembrance. Families placed a yellow ribbon on the tree in memory of loved ones who had been murdered overseas.

Much-needed therapeutic sessions were also held during the weekend, including yoga and massage.  

The weekend was a huge success with families expressing how much they appreciated a forum which enabled them to share their stories and feed into opportunities to lobby government for greater support for families affected by homicide abroad.

This important event could not have happened without the generous support of Always A Chance and the University of Northampton and we extend our gratitude to them.

Difficulties

These are some of the common problems our members have encountered when their loved ones were the victims of murder or manslaughter abroad:
     

  • The additional distress caused by the geographical distance between where we are and the place our loved one was killed
     
  • Cultural differences
     
  • Translation and communication difficulties
     
  • Lack of (up-to-date) information about the investigation, trial, sentencing or release
     
  • No single UK agency being set up to take responsibility in the UK or which is proactive
     
  • Being kept informed by the UK authorities when applicable
     
  • The expense and difficulty of engaging a lawyer abroad and attending a court case or legislative procedures overseas
     
  • Exclusion from UK Criminal Injuries Compensation Authority scheme (CICA) because the death occurred outside the UK, and outside British Embassy grounds abroad
     
  • Difficulties with travel insurance and repatriation of our loved ones body or personal effects
     
  • Unfamiliarity with the place where our loved one was killed
     
  • Not being able to visit initially or later, due to financial or other restrictions
     
  • A lack of care and support for those traveling with our loved one, including our own care after the murder
     
  • A lack of confidence/doubts about the post mortem (if your loved ones body is found) or doubts about the competency of the investigating authorities.

Murder in Spain

A recent Westminster Hall Debate considered the case of Gary Dunne.

Stephen Twigg MP, Shadow Minister (Justice) (Political and Constitutional Reform) began the debate on 11 December 2013 by explaining: "Gary Dunne was tragically murdered on 3 March 2006 in Benalmadena on the Costa del Sol in southern Spain. He was attacked by 12 men and stabbed to death with a machete by Victor Posse Navas. For his family, nothing will bring Gary back. Every day, they remember him as a son, a partner and a father. Although nothing can be done to soften the horror of the tragedy for the family, much more could have been done, and still can be done, to make life that bit easier for them.

"Our British consular staff deal with thousands of deaths of British nationals around the world, often in difficult, traumatic and complicated situations. They deserve praise for their work. More often than not, the support from consular staff is of the highest standard. In this case, however, the Dunne family were left vulnerable; they felt alone and received little help. In the midst of dealing with the news of the cruel murder of their son, they were told that they would have to pay to bury him, not in Liverpool, but in Andalucia in southern Spain, due to local legal restrictions about hygiene. The Spanish authorities said that before Gary could be brought home to Liverpool, he would have to be cremated in Spain. The family received no assistance from the Spanish police and were not met by liaison officers."

Read more here, including the response from Hugo Swire, The Minister of State, Foreign and Commonwealth Office. 

Drifter strangled British tour guide

A drifter who strangled a British tour guide on a paradise Caribbean island then hid her body in a cupboard has been jailed for 20 years. Lianne (Lee) Burns was murdered in April 2011.

Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2292017/Lianne-Burns-murder-Drifter-Younes-El-Mami-strangled-British-tour-guide-JAILED-years.html#ixzz486H1BE3U

Coronial Reform

In October 2006, representatives of Murdered Abroad (then called SAMM Abroad) met the Minister of State for Constitutional Affairs, Harriet Harman, and discussed the government's Draft Coroners Bill's proposal to remove the automatic right to a UK inquest following the suspicious death of a UK citizen abroad (except in a few named circumstances).

Harriet Harman requested that we compile evidence illustrating the importance to bereaved families of a UK Coroner's inquest when a UK citizen is the victim of murder or manslaughter abroad. Our members provided this evidence, showing how a UK inquest had helped them find out more about their loved one's death and get justice abroad.

We were very grateful to all our members who helped in this difficult process by providing evidence.

We welcomed the Ministry of Justice statement that the Draft Bill had been changed. It now conveys on Coroners the same duty to investigate a death abroad, as a death in the UK.

Since 2001, our organisation has provided feedback on coronial reform many times. We opposed the Coroners Draft Bill in its recommendation to abolish mandatory inquests on the repatriation of a body after a suspicious death abroad. We proposed to instead seek inquests after the murder or manslaughter of a British citizen even if a body is not repatriated, and to widen the responsibilities of the Coroner after murder abroad.